Peeling. What? Why? When?

Yulia Engelbrecht

Posted on July 17 2020

Peeling. What? Why? When?


The main idea of any peeling is to exfoliate the upper layers of the epidermis; in the case of deep peeling - deep layers which are dermis. Removal of dead cells improves respiration, blood circulation and skin microcirculation. In it, the processes of tissue regeneration are launched, and collagen and elastin begin to be actively synthesized. The result - the skin becomes firm, elastic and gains radiance and youth.

By acting on the surface layers, any peeling makes the skin vulnerable to ultraviolet rays and increases the risk of age spots. Therefore, it is important to reduce an amount of activities outdoor and keep your face in shade.

The procedure does not require special preparation. It is only important to exclude sunbathing at least two weeks before peeling. In addition, it is not carried out if the skin has severe inflammation and / or damage. Superficial and some median peels can be carried out regularly of 1-2 courses per year. Each of 4-8 sessions once a week. Deep peels are carried out once every several years. Peelings are usually prescribed from the age of 25.

As for peeling at home: if we are talking about exfoliation using scrub, it is done regularly between salon peeling courses. Usually once a week or once in two weeks. If we are talking about homemade AHA peeling based on glycolic, lactic, malic, and other acids, despite the fact that the concentration of active substances in such peeling is lower than in salon, it is important to be careful. Even homemade acid peels are a fairly active procedure. Therefore, before using them, you must definitely consult a cosmetologist.

Peelings are superficial, median, and deep in depth of exposure. Superficial are used to prevent aging and correct small wrinkles, eliminate age spots and age-related skin changes, and prevent acne. They align the microrelief of the skin and remove the upper stratum corneum of the skin. For carrying out, preparations based on glycolic and alpha-hydroxy (AHA) acids are used. Middle peels give a pronounced anti-aging effect and smooth out traces of scars. They act not only on the upper, but also on the stratum corneum. For carrying out, preparations based on trichloroacetic and retinoic acids are used. Deep peeling can remove wrinkles, scars, hyperkeratosis, pigmentation. For carrying out, drugs based on aggressive phenolic acid are usually used.

According to the method of exposure, there are mechanical peels - when various means with abrasive particles and a manual method of skin cleansing are used; chemical - peels with fruit acids, salicylic and glycolic acid, as well as phenol peeling; hardware - peeling with ultrasound, erbium and CO2 laser. Enzyme peeling is also distinguished. For its use, special masks with enzymes acting on the surface layers of the skin are used.

Immediately after the procedure, the skin turns red - the degree of redness depends on the type of peeling and the individual sensitivity of the skin. During the first four days, peeling and tightness of the skin may appear, which pass through 5-7 days.

In the evening after the procedure, it is enough to wash your skin with usual cleanser - foam, gel, or mousse - and wipe the skin with a toner, but without any alcohol in it. In the next 5-6 days, include a well-moisturizing cream in your beauty ritual. If the skin is peeling off heavily, use dense formulations for dry skin that leave a lipid film. It is advisable to do a scrub no earlier than 5-6 days after a superficial or median peeling and 8-10 days after a deep peeling. As for foundation products - ideally, you need to abandon them completely at least for a week or use translucent fluids that do not clog pores. It is optimal to use products from a medical or professional line of cosmetics.

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